Diabetes mellitus affects 20.8 million people according to the American Diabetes Association website, which translates to about 7 percent of the world’s total population. Diabetes, as it is more commonly known, is a metabolic disease that causes a person to have extremely high blood sugar levels. This is because their body is unable to create a sufficient amount of insulin or their cells do not react properly to the insulin that is produced.
A person with diabetes suffers from many different signs and symptoms. Some include extreme weight loss, frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger, skin rashes and also changes in the shape of their eye’s lens, which produced vision loss.
More than 2,200 people each year are diagnosed with Diabetes. This chronic disease brings on a lot of troubling symptoms for its patients. There are three main kinds of Diabetes, including Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3. People that have Type 1 diabetes do not produce any insulin. Type 2 diabetics don’t create enough insulin and Type 3 diabetes generally occurs in pregnant women.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile onset diabetes and insulin-dependent diabetes, can be caused by genetics. Type 2 diabetes, commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes people can suffer from and affects 90 percent to 95 percent of the population. This type of diabetes is on the rise in the United States and typically happens to adults who are over 40 years old. However, recently, more and more children have been being diagnosed with this type of diabetes.
You should know if you have a parent, sibling or another person in your immediate family who has diabetes. This is because your chances of getting it will increase by 10 percent to 15 percent. If you are Hispanic, African American, Pan Asian or Native American your chances of getting diabetes are also increased.
Genetics are not the main reason for developing Type2 diabetes. A person’s lifestyle is. What they eat and when they exercise play huge roles in developing Type 2 diabetes. For example, if you do not get a lot of exercise and have a diet that is high in sugars and fats, you are hugely increasing your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes.
You can control the factors that can contribute to you getting Type 2 diabetes. If you maintain a nutritious diet and have a fairly regular exercise program you can decrease the risk for developing Type 2 diabetes dramatically. Physical activity helps your body to use the glucose and sugar in it and turn them into energy. This also helps your cells to become much more sensitive to insulin and have the ability to take in the sugar and glucose.
Genetics may play a part in getting diabetes, but so will your lifestyle choices. Maintain a healthy one.